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All about Pregnancy Test (Part 1)

15 July 2010 One Comment

pregnancy test - urine testAll about Pregnancy Test

Do a series of tests to prevent bad things during pregnancy. Before undergoing a test, consult with your doctor, so you have enough information about the tests that will be lived.

1. Regular general test

It performed each time in routine pregnancy examination. To check the physical condition of the mother, such as measuring height, the high peak of the uterus conducted during 20 weeks of gestation, weight and blood pressure.

Objective:

To find out how much your weight gain during pregnancy, ideally 6-16 kg. Blood pressure examination is for the early detection of hypertension during pregnancy.

2. Urine tests

It’s done when there are complaints, such as pain when urinating or high blood pressure. You are asked to provide urine samples in sterile plastic containers for analysis.

Objective:

  • If the high protein content or positive, or there may be renal failure. If there is in the final trimester, could be a sign of complications of hypertension, namely pre-eclampsia.
  • If high levels of ketones, a sign you do not eat enough or become dehydrated, so the body breaks down fat to get energy.
  • There are bacteria, could be a sign of urinary tract infections.
  • High sugar levels during 20 weeks of pregnancy, gestational diabetes you may, but need a more detailed examination.

3. Ultrasonografi (USG)

According to the provisions of WHO, should ultrasound performed at least four times during pregnancy, ie once in the first trimester and second trimester, and two times in the third trimester. Examination by tying tool named transducer that emits ultrasound waves in your stomach so that the physical appearance of the monitor looks your baby sister. On trans vaginal ultrasound, transducer shaped like a tiny microphone inserted into the vagina. Do not be afraid, this examination is safe to do.

Objective:

To determine the physical condition of the baby, how old baby, when the time prediction of his birth, presence or absence of physical disability and the number of fetuses. Related to this goal, the accuracy of two-dimensional ultrasound has actually been more than 90%. However, if you want more accurately predicted or if there are abnormalities in the baby’s cleft lip, then you can request for a three-dimensional ultrasound or even four-dimensional imaging can provide a better picture.

4. Amniosentesis

It performed at the age of 14-18 weeks gestation, and the second conducted in the late third trimester. By jabbing a needle into the uterus by ultrasound guided tool to retrieve a sample of amniotic fluid (amniotic), approximately 10-20 ml. The risk of miscarriage when doing this test about one percent, even less.

Objective:

  • Presence or absence of chromosomal abnormalities such as trisomy 21 (Down’s syndrome, namely, physical growth and mental retardation children), trisomy 13 (Pataum syndrome, namely disorders of the brain, heart, kidney, hands and feet), and trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome, namely heart failure and kidney), congenital disorders such as blood cancer, and the system of neural tube defects. These results are obtained from the first amniocentesis test.
  • Lung maturation, for the second amniocentesis test.
  • Amniocentesis can also be done to remove the amniotic fluid in cases where the size of enlarged uterus but not in accordance with gestational age, which raised the complaint shortness of breath due to the diaphragm, urges the lungs.

Read more: All about Pregnancy Test (Part 2)

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